Hunting takes place on various categories of land:
State Safari Land
This is land in marginal areas, owned by the State and generally unsuitable for agriculture, but ideal for game: Chewore, Chete, Chirisa, Dande, Matetsi, Sengwa Wildlife Research, Deka and Forestry Land. Big game occur in these areas.
This is traditionally held by indigenous people. The State grants authority to the District Councils to assume responsibility for the management and utilisation of the wildlife in their areas. With assistance from National Parks a quota is set and offered by Tender to the hunting operators. The successful operator markets the hunts abroad and the funds earned from trophy animals are paid to the District Council who distribute them to the families in the appropriate area. A portion is retained for community development such as grinding mills, schools and bridges. By placing a value on wildlife the indigenous people benefit and have an incentive to reject poaching. This system is known as CAMPFIRE and has been adopted by several surrounding states.
There are some ranches where domestic livestock may, or may not, be run together with game. Many ranches turned to game farming as game withstands drought conditions far better than cattle and are not subject to the same diseases. There are not many private game ranches left since the land take-over exercise, but some Conservancies are still operating. Care should be taken when hunting private land that the title deeds legitimately belong to the person offering the hunting. Clients from the USA and EU could be prosecuted by their own governments for hunting on re-allocated land which has not been formally sold to the occupier. Care should also be taken that the occupier/owner is not listed on the USA list of persons it is forbidden to do business with. The US Embassy Email address is firstname.lastname@example.org for those who wish to enquire.